Production Possibilities Curve | Production Possibilities Curve Definition (PPC)

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PPC means Production Possibilities Curve. Friends, in today’s article we are going to know about PPC. So let’s discuss in details.

What is Production Possibilities Curve?

The production possibilities curve (PPC) is an analytical tool which is used to illustrate and explain the problem of choice. Production possibilities curve is also known as transformation possibility curve.

It graphically represents alternative production possibilities facing an economy. The productive resources can be employed for the production of various alternative goods.

A production possibilities curve shows that with given resources an increase in production of one good necessitated the reduction in the amount of the other good.

Thus PPC or production possibilities curve means graphically presentation of possible combinations of two goods that can be produced with given resources and technology.

The Production Possibilities Curve is also called transformation curve because in moving from one point to another. Here one good is transformed into another not physically but by transferring resources from one use to another.

Assumption of Production Possibilities Curve

The PPC is based on the following grounds –

• There is full employment of resources.

• There is no change of technology.

• There is short period time.

• The supplies of factors are fixed but these can be transferred from one use to another.

• With the given resources only two goods say, X and Y can be produced.

Production Possibilities Curve (PPC)

On the basis of the the above assumptions the derivation of production possibility curve can be explained with the help of following table and diagram.

Production Possibilities Rice (Tones) Wheat (Tones)
A 0 15
B 1 14
C 2 12
D 3 9
E 4 5
F 5 0

The table shows an imaginary possibilities of rice and wheat. If the economy uses all its resources to produce only rice, then maximum 5 units of rice can produced.

In between the two extreme possibilities there exists numerous other options like 1 unit of rice and 14 units of wheat, 2 units of rice and 12 units of wheat and so on.

In the following figure, OX axis represents rice and OY axis we represents wheat. In fact, the figure is a graphical presentation of the above table, which is called Production Possibility Schedule.

At point A economy produces only wheat. The maximum output is 15 units. On the other hand, at other extreme point F economy produces 5 units of rice.

There also some points such as B, C, D, E, etc. which show all the different combinations of rice and wheat. If we connect all these points we have obtained a curve which is known as Production Possibility Curve (PPC).

Production Possibilities Curve | Production Possibilities Curve Definition (PPC)
The PPC or Production Possibilities Curve shows the maximum amounts of rice and wheat that can be obtained by an economy by utilizing all its resources and given technology.

It shows the different amounts of any two commodities which are available in economy in a particular period.

Features of Production Possibilities Curve

The features of PPC is given in the following grounds-

(i) Usually PPC slopes downward from left to right.

(ii) Production Possibility Curve concave to the origin due to the increasing marginal opportunity cost.

Uses of Production Possibilities Curve

The uses of PPC are given below-

• PPC is used to explain efficient selection of goods to be produced, efficient allocation of resources in the production and efficient allotment of the goods produced among consumers.

• PPC helps us to explaining how an economy grows.

• PPC informs us about the basic facts of human life.

• PPC shows how an economy chooses between consumption goods and capital goods that increases future consumption possibilities.


So friends, this was the concept of PPC. Hope you get the full details about it and hope you like this article.

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