Tense is the change of form in a verb to express the time of action of the verb, its continuance and degree of completeness. Hi friends, in today’s article we are going to know about the concept of Past Perfect Tense with examples, rules, formation. So let’s discuss in details.
There are three types of tense – (i) Present Tense (ii) Past Tense and (iii) Future Tense
What is Past Perfect Tense?
The past perfect tense is used to describe two actions took place in the past. But one of them was took place before the other. The earlier action is described in the past perfect tense and the later action is described in the past indefinite tense.
Common Word – With before, what and after, there is two parts in a sentence and a part of them is given in the past indefinite tense then the other part will be in the past perfect tense.
Common Word 2 – ‘No sooner…..then’ and ‘hardly….. when’ are used in the past perfect tense.
Common Word 3 – It is used to express an unreal past events of having something and a improbable wish of doing something in the past with ‘if‘ and ‘I wish‘.
Past Perfect Tense Rules
(i) Past perfect is used before the word ‘before‘ and past perfect is used after the word ‘after‘ and ‘what’.
(ii) In case of no sooner…. then, and hardly…. when ‘had‘ is used before the subject.
Formation of Past Perfect Tense
|Sub||had||verb + past particle of verb||Obj||Full Sentence|
|He||had||left||before you came.||He had left before you came.|
|The train||had||stopped||when he came out.||The train had stopped when he came out.|
Past Perfect Tense Examples
• The doctor arrived after the patient (die).
The doctor arrived after the patient had died.
• We (reach) the station before the train left.
We had reached the station before the train left.
• He thanked me what I (do) for him.
He thanked me what I had done for him.
• The boy (come) here after I (call) him.
The boy came here after I had called him.
• The boys (go) to home before the Sun (set).
The boys had gone to home before the Sun set.
• No sooner he (arrive) home then he fall in sick.
No sooner had he arrived home then he fall in sick.
• Hardly he (move) when a gun shot him.
Hardly had he moved when a gun shot him.
• If I (invite) my friend.
If I had invited my friend.
• I wish I (have) car.
I wish I had car.
• If I (go) there.
If I had gone there.
• We reached the stadium after the match (begin).
We reached the stadium after the match had begun.
So friends, this was the concept of the Past Perfect Tense. Hope you get the full details about it and hope you like this article.
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