What is Density of Population? | Population Density of India

5/5 - (1 vote)

Hi friends, in today’s article we are going to know about density of population in India and also know the factors which responsible for affecting the density of population. So let’s discuss in details.

What is Density of Population?

The density of population of a country is defined as the total number of person living per square kilometer. It is defined as the ratio between total population and total area.

What is Density of Population? | Population Density of IndiaGenerally, it is observed that the density of population in each and every decadal year have continuously been increasing. It is clear from the following given trend of density of population since 1951.

Year : 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Density of Population (Per Squ. Kilo) 118 142 177 216 274 324 382

Source – National sample survey organization

It is clearly observed that the density of population in India is continuously increasing since independence. During the time of independence, that is in 1951, the density of population was only 117 per square km which has increased to 324 in 2001.

The latest census data reveals that the total density of population in India has rapidly increased to 382 persons per square km.

This trend reveals that India is going a higher density populated country, but not as much higher with some other India’s density of population is still less than the advanced countries of the world like Japan, Latin America (now suffering recession Germany, etc.).

Factors affecting density of population

A number of factors are responsible for increased the density of population. Some of important factors are –

Industrial Development – The density of population in India is increasing due to the development of Indian industries. In industrial centers and regions, density of population is high because of location of big industries and settlement of labour class.

Improved transportation Facilities – The density of population and transportation facilities both are directly related with one another. As there exists much improved transportation systems in metropolitan improved cities, therefore density of population in four such cities in India is extremely higher.

Peace and Security – The density of population is affected by the peace and security situation of the country. It is comparative more in those areas where people having complete peace and securities of life and property.

Therefore, the density of population in the frontier regions of India like Jammu and Kashmir is extremely low due to constant fear attracts.

Migration – Migration plays a vital role in India for increasing the density of population. As a result of heavy migration from East and West Pakistan to India’s highly responsible for increasing the continuous density of population.

Natural Factor – Natural factors are also responsible for continuous growth of density of population in a developing country India. In India, natural factors which include climate and rain fall is not too much unhealthy.

Indian environment is not too cool and not too hot because of which people prefer to settle India which increases density of population.


So friends, this was the concept of density of population. Hope you get the full details about it and hope you like this article.

If you like this article, share it with your friends and turn on the website Bell icon, so don’t miss any articles in the near future. Because we are bringing you such helpful articles every day.  If you have any doubt about this article, you can comment us. Thank You!

Read More Article

Population Policy of India | India Population Policy

What is SEBI? | What is SEBI and its functions

Spread the love:

Hi, this is Eusub Ali Khan, Author & Owner of KhanStudy.in. I am a Content Writer, blogger and professional web-designer. I love to share my educational knowledge with people.

Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!